Present Tense meaning and Examples
Present Perfect Tense
What does Present Perfect Tense mean?
Present Perfect Tense meaning and Examples
Statements have/has + past participle
Ralph has won many bowling trophies. I have often wondered why Ludwig is always late. Ricky has been a nightclub singer for many years.
Negative Statements have/has not + past participle
I have not washed the dishes yet. John and Marsha haven’t seen each other since 1987. Melvin hasn’t had an easy life.
Questions10 (question word) + have/has + subject + past participle
Have you seen the movie Cecil B. Demented? Where have all the flowers gone? (from a song by Pete Seeger) How’s your mom been?
Present Perfect Tense Examples
I was studying all night for that history test!
(This action happened over time in the past.)
Were you sleeping when I called?
(I want to know if this action was happening over time when I called.)
No, I wasn’t sleeping when you called.
(This action was not happening over time when you called.)
While Norton and Ralph were bowling, they ran into Fred and Barney.
(This action was happening over time in the past when Norton & Ralph met Fred and Barney.)
If you have a really good memory, you may remember I said that simple past can also be used to show actions that happened over time in the past.
This brings us to an important question: When should I use simple past for an action that happened over time in the past, and when should I use past progressive?
How do I make Present Progressive Tense?
With a Length of Time
If you see present perfect used with a phrase that shows a length of time, then it almost always means that the action started in past and has continued until now.
Ralph and Alice have lived in their apartment since 1994.
Norton has worked in the sewers for eleven years.
Have you lived in Hayward a long time?