LEARNING ENGLISH GRAMMAR
LEARNING ENGLISH GRAMMAR
VERB TENSE TOPICS
Simple Present Tense
Usually, simple present tense means
The simple present says that something was true in the past, is true in the present, and will be true in the future. It expresses general statements of fact and general truths.
The simple present is used to express habitual or everyday activities.
Present indicates that an action is happening right now or that the action is either routine or factual.
Usually, Present Progressive Tense means
This action is happening right now.
You are reading this sentence.
This action isn’t finished, but might not be happening right now.
John is studying English this semester, but he isn’t studying right now; he’s eating dinner.
The simple past tense usually means that this action ended in the past.
Simple past can be used for most past actions; we can use it for...
Progressive tenses always happen over time, so past progressive means that the action happened over time in the past.
Present Perfect Progressive
Usually, present perfect progressive tense means
Unlike present perfect, present perfect progressive has only one meaning
(thank goodness!) Present perfect progressive always means this action started in the past and has continued until now (or almost until now). In other words, present perfect progressive means the action has been happening over time until now.
Usually, past perfect tense means
Past perfect usually means that this action finished before something in the past.
Usually, past perfect progressive tense means
Perfect actions happen before something. Progressive actions happen over
time. We use past perfect progressive when we want to make it clear that the action was happening.
Future is pretty straightforward; it means that the action will happen
in the future, in other words, sometime after this moment.7 Like simple past,
it can be used for actions that will...
Basically, future progressive means that an action will happen over time in the future. It’s used in the same way as past progressive, except that we are talking about the future instead of the past.
Future perfect means that this action will happen before something in the future. It has exactly the same meanings as past perfect, except the time
is the future.
Future perfect progressive is a verb tense that you might never use; it’s
pretty rare and almost never necessary. Personally, I would bet $5.00 that I
haven’t used future perfect progressive in the last two years (except when I was teaching grammar).